- existence of joint-stock property (the property of society consists of property of his members who made investments in stock acquisition). In joint-stock company of open type there is a free implementation of stocks of the enterprise through stock exchange (to 75% of actions) at a market rate (only founders and members of labor collective have opportunity to acquire shares at par value). In closed joint stock company the realization of actions is enabled in the enterprise without realization on the party;
open type - stocks of the enterprise which can get as physical (the working enterprises separate citizens, and legal entities (the enterprises, holdings and t). In this case members of labor collective have opportunity to acquire part of shares at their par value, but not at the rate of stock exchange. The sign, general for both organizational forms, is charge of dividends both on the stock of labor collective, and on the stock of the enterprise.
Gradual repayment of the enterprise, including only at the expense of means of collective (as the general, and personal means of the worker and results of his economic activity (for rent collective with joint-stock property of the closed type and "national enterprise"), and also due to free sale of shares of the enterprise and their realization through stock exchange.
For overcoming of contradictions which constrain development of a market mechanism, the most effective form of the organization of production at the first stages of privatization is creation of joint-stock companies which part the suppliers of raw materials processing the enterprises and the enterprises of infrastructure would be.
At expeditious leasing the equipment is given for the period considerably smaller, than the term of its service. In it a case the equipment is leased several times. Otherwise distinguish leasing with full payment (financial) and partial (quick).
Collective nature of production management. For rent collectives with joint-stock property of the closed type and share property the supreme body of management is general meeting of their members. Management of the current activity is performed by the head elected by collective. For rent collective with joint-stock property of open type the joint and joint-stock principle of management - a combination of will of labor collective to will of shareholders, owners of a controlling stake to gradual shift of real functions of management in favor of the last is characteristic.
Now leasing call the property relations developing thus: one organization (user) appeals to other (leasing company) to acquire the equipment necessary for it and to transfer him to it to temporary use. The leasing company can not be (then its functions will be carried out by the industrial company), but practically all large manufacturing companies have it.
Thus it is necessary to consider that in modern conditions because of shortcomings of the organization of preparation, transportation and storage of raw materials, because of a low technological level of infrastructure a lot of the overworking enterprises are not completely provided with qualitative raw materials. Besides, for many subsectors of a pishcheprom the high cost of fixed assets of production that complicates repayment of their property by labor collectives is characteristic.
Creation of the conditions providing interest of the population in privatization and maintenance of this interest in process of its carrying out. Unfortunately, the bulk the population has no such interest. It speaks as lack of accurate definition of opportunities of application of privatization property certificates in the course of privatization, and impossibility on the of a discretion to dispose of them (to sell, present, etc.). Certificates are considered only as opportunity to acquire shares of the enterprises - and it already an element of compulsory privatization.
In such subsectors as meat, dairy, sugar, spirit, oil milling, canning, wine-making, voluntary association agricultural, procuring, processing, transport can become a perspective form of the organization of production, trade, etc. enterprises in association. Thus all their members can keep economic independence.